Anthriscus sylvestris (Linnaeus 1753) Hoffmann 1814 (Family Apiaceae)


Plant

Leaf

Flower

Fruit

Height: 40-120cm
Biennial/Perennial, Lacks Persistent Seed Bank
Hermaphrodite, Flowering May - June (Earliest: 6.4)

Protective Chemicals
Furanocoumarins Methoxypsoralen
Monoterpenoids Myrcene, Ocimene, Phellandrene, Pinene, Sabinene
Coumarins Isoscopoletin, Scopoletin
Other Phenolics Cresol, Eugenol
Phytoestrogens Angeloyl Podophyllotoxin, Deoxypicropodophyllin, Deoxypodophyllotoxin,
Deoxypodorhizone, Nemerosin, Picropodophyllotoxin, Sylvestrin
Polyacetylenes Falcarindiol
Aldehydes Benzene Acetaldehyde

Biotopes:
Meadows

Hedge Rows

Spruce Forest Edge
Flower Visitors:
Many Apidae

Several Argidae

Several Braconidae

Several Crabronidae

Many Ichneumonidae

Many Tenthredinidae

Ancistrocerus parietum

Symmorphus bifasciatus

Monosapyga clavicornis

Exallonyx ligatus

Trypoxylon attenuatum

Anoplius infuscatus

Several Nymphalidae

Aporia crataegi

Callophrys rubi

Several Adelidae

Several Geometridae

Several Tortricidae

Anthophila fabriciana

Panemeria tenebrata

Plutella xylostella

Several Anthomyiidae

Several Bibionidae

Several Calliphoridae

Several Chloropidae

Many Empidae

Several Fanniidae

Many Muscidae

Several Sciaridae

Many Syrphidae

Many Tachinidae

Many Tipulidae

Nyctia halterata

Sarcophaga carnaria

Bicellaria simplicipes

Platypalpus cursitans

Dolichopus diadema

Dolichopus ungulatus

Chloromyia formosa

Rhagio scolopaceus

Suillia affinis

Melanagromyza aeneoventris

Lyciella decempunctata

Scathophaga scybalaria

Pilaria fuscipennis

Thereva plebeja

Sepsis fulgens

Heptatoma pellucens

Many Cantharidae

Several Cerambycidae

Many Elateridae

Several Scraptiidae

Mordella holomelaena

Propylea quatuordecimpunctata

Anthrenus verbasci

Bruchus rufimanus

Malachius bipustulatus

Dasytes niger

Meligethes atratus

Anisoplia villosa

Harpocera thoracica

Orthops campestris

Graphosoma lineatum

Panorpa vulgaris

Sialis fuliginosa

Nemoura cinerea
Parasites:
Erysiphe heraclei

Ramularia anthrisci

Protomyces macrosporus

Plasmopara nivea

Epermenia chaerophyllella

Cheilosia pagana Larva (Stem Borer)

Psila fimetaria Larva (Stem Borer)

Phytoecia cylindrica Larva (Stem Borer)
Herbivores:
Papilio machaon

Several Noctuidae

Several Tortricidae

Idaea dimidiata Larva

Mesotype didymata

Agonopterix ciliella

Agonopterix heracliana Larva

Tenthredopsis scutellaris

Chrysolina oricalcia

Liophloeus tessulatus

Chamaepsila rosae Larva

Monacha cantiana
Sapivores:
Several Aphididae

Orthops campestris

Graphosoma lineatum
Florivores:
Eupithecia tripunctaria

Gymnoscelis rufifasciata Larva

Ecological Flora of the British Isles
Skye Flora: Cow Parsley


Pictures © 2003, 2004, 2005, 2008 J.K. Lindsey

Caution

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