Senecio vulgaris Linnaeus 1753 (Family Asteraceae)


Plant

Leaf

Flower

Fruit

Height: 5-50cm
Occasionally Arbuscular Mycorrhizal
Annual, Persistent Seed Bank
Hermaphrodite, Flowering January - December (Earliest: 1.4)

Protective Chemicals
Pyrrolizidine
Alkaloids
Integerrimine, Jacobine, Jacoline, Jaconine, Jacozine,
Retrorsine, Senecionine, Seneciphylline, Senecivernine
Terpenoids Loliolide, Oplopanone
Benzoquinones Jacaranone

Biotopes:
Meadows

Gardens
Microhabitat:
Bare Ground
Pollination: Autopollination
Seed Dispersal: Wind
Parasites:
Several Agromyzidae

Ensina sonchi Larva (Flower Gall)

Sphenella marginata Larva (Flower Gall)
Herbivores:
Many Noctuidae

Xanthorhoe montanata Larva

Xanthorhoe quadrifasiata Larva

Tyria jacobaeae Larva

Longitarsus ochroleucus
Possible Herbivores:
Several Noctuidae

Cnephasia asseclana

Cnephasia incertana

Anania lancealis Larva

Mesotype didymata

Several Tenthredinidae Larvae
Sapivores:
Several Aphididae

Several Miridae
Possible Sapivores:
Eupteryx aurata

Evacanthus interruptus

Horistus orientalis

Enoplops scapha

Carpocoris melanocerus
Florivores:
Eupithecia absinthiata Larva

Eupithecia centaureata

Ecological Flora of the British Isles
Skye Flora: Groundsel


Pictures © 2003, 2004, 2005 J.K. Lindsey

Caution

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