Pinus sylvestris Linnaeus 1753 (Family Pinaceae)


Tree

Bark

Leaves

Male Flowers

Fruit

Height: <30 m, Age: <200 yr
Ectomycorrhizal
Persistent Seed Bank
Monoecious, Flowering May - June (Earliest: 29.4)

Protective Chemicals
Monoterpenoids Bornyl Acetate, Camphene, Carene, Limonene, Menthatriene, Myrcene,
Ocimene, Phellandrene, Pinene, Sabinene, Terpinene, Terpinolene, Thujene
Sesquiterpenoids Bicyclogermacrene, Cadinene, Caryophyllene, Copaene, Elemene,
Farnesene, Germacrene, Humulene, Muurolene
Phenolics Pinosylvin, Tannins
Acids Abietic, Dehydroabietic, Neoabietic, Palustric, Pimaric
Polyhydroxysteroids Typhasterol

Biotopes:
Spruce Forest

Hedge Rows
Pollination: Wind
Mycorrhizae:
Cantharellus cibarius

Craterellus tubaeformis

Clavulina coralloides

Clavulina cinerea

Thelephora terrestris

Coltricia perennis

Many Boletaceae

Several Suillaceae

Scleroderma bovista

Scleroderma citrinum

Paxillus involutus

Chroogomphus rutilus

Many Russulaceae

Many Amanitaceae

Many Cortinariaceae

Several Entolomataceae

Most Hydnangiaceae

Several Hygrophoraceae

Several Hymenogastraceae

Many Inocybaceae

Many Tricholomataceae
Parasites:
Heterobasidion annosum

Fomitopsis pinicola

Phaeolus schweinitzii

Sparassis crispa

Armillaria ostoyae
Herbivores:
Many Geometridae

Many Tortricidae

Sphinx pinastri

Lymantria monacha Larva

Panolis flammea Larva

Panthea coenobita Larva

Dioryctria abietella Larva

Teleiodes saltuum Larva

Many Curculionidae

Cryptocephalus pini
Sapivores:
Several Miridae

Balclutha punctata

Prociphilus pini

Cixius simplex
Xylophages:
Several Cerambycidae Larvae (Wood Borers)

Several Curculionidae

Anthaxia quadripunctata Larva (Wood Borer)

Pyrochroa coccinea Larva
(Wood Borer)

Microbregma emarginatum Larva (Wood Borer)

Paraphotistus impressus Larva (Roots)

Chyliza annulipes Larva
Granivores:
Streptopelia turtur

Cydia strobilella

Eupithecia abietaria Larva

Gastrodes grossipes
Bark Inhabitants:
Several Parmeliaceae

Cladonia coniocraea

Lepraria incana

Dicranoweisia cirrata
Wood Decomposers:
Several Strophariaceae

Mycena purpureofusca

Panellus mitis

Tricholomopsis decora

Tricholomopsis rutilans

Armillaria ostoyae

Pluteus roseipes

Psathyrella caput-medusae

Gymnopilus sapineus

Pleurocybella porrigens

Connopus acervatus

Heterobasidion annosum

Stereum sanguinolentum

Tapinella atrotomentosa

Several Dacrymycetaceae

Several Hymenochaetaceae

Pseudohydnum gelatinosum

Trichaptum abietinum

Exidia saccharina

Tremella encephala

Several Fomitopsidaceae

Neolentinus adhaerens

Skeletocutis amorpha

Pezicula livida

Several Cerambycidae Larvae

Several Curculionidae

Xylosciara lignicola Larva

Siricidae Larvae

Gymnosperm Generalists
Needle Decomposers:
Several Mycenaceae

Rhodocollybia filamentosa

Gymnosperm Generalists

Ecological Flora of the British Isles
Skye Flora: Scots Pine


Pictures © 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006 J.K. Lindsey

Caution

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