Pennithera [Thera] firmata (Hübner 1822) (Family Geometridae)

Forewing Length: 13-16mm;
Wingspan: 30-34mm
Egg Larva Pupa Adult
(Winter) Autumn - July ? August - November
(Earliest: 23.8)

Spruce Forest

Pinus sylvestris
Several Ichneumonidae Larvae

Rogas luteus Larva
Other Possible Parasitoids:
Many Ichneumonidae Larvae

Many Braconidae Larvae

Several Tachinidae Larvae

Catalogue of the Lepidoptera of Belgium: Pennithera firmata
Pennithera firmata
Lepidoptera and Their Ecology: Thera firmata
Lepiforum: Pennithera firmata
Plant Parasites of Europe: Pennithera firmata

Pictures © 2003 J.K. Lindsey, 2018 R. Thunus


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