Rubus fruticosus Linnaeus 1753 (Family Rosaceae)


Plant

Leaves

Flower

Fruit

Colour Variant

Height: 100-200cm
Arbuscular Mycorrhizal
Perennial, Persistent Seed Bank
Hermaphrodite, Flowering June - August (Earliest: 14.5)

Protective Chemicals
Phenolics Ellagic Acid, Tannins
Other Acids Citric, Lactic, Malic, Oxalic, Rubinic, Rubitic

Biotopes:
Hedge Rows

Spruce Forest Edge

Gardens
Flower Visitors:
Many Apidae

Barycnemis harpura

Theroscopus esenbeckii

Dolichovespula saxonica

Symmorphus bifasciatus

Tenthredo temula

Priocnemis gracilis

Several Nymphalidae

Several Pieridae

Ochlodes sylvanus

Thymelicus lineola

Pyrgus malvae

Polyommatus icarus

Anania hortulata

Anthophila fabriciana

Several Conopidae

Many Syrphidae

Empis livida

Empis tessellata

Several Cerambycidae

Hemicrepidius niger

Meligethes denticulatus

Byturus tomentosus

Mordella holomelaena

Rhagonycha fulva
Parasites:
Necrosis Virus

Podosphaera aphanis

Mycosphaerella confusa

Sphaerulina westendorpii

Elsinoƫ veneta

Phragmidium violaceum

Several Nepticulidae

Coleophora albicostella

Coleophora potentillae

Incurvaria praelatella Larva (Leaf Miner)

Fenella nigrita

Agromyza idaeiana

Anthonomus rubi Larva (Flower Gall)

Agrilus cuprescens Larva (Stem Borer)

Lasioptera rubi

Metallus pumilus
Herbivores:
Cervidae

Callophrys rubi Larva

Celastrina argiolus Larva

Brenthis daphne Larva

Pyrgus malvae Larva

Several Drepanidae

Several Erebidae

Many Geometridae

Several Lasiocampidae

Many Noctuidae

Many Tortricidae

Saturnia pavonia

Diurnea fagella

Yponomeuta padella

Schreckensteinia festaliella Larva

Many Tenthredinidae

Arge cyanocrocea Larva

Arge gracilicornis Larva

Agrilus cyanescens

Strophosoma capitatum

Neocoenorrhinus germanicus

Batophila
Possible Herbivores:
Angerona prunaria Larva

Idaea muricata Larva

Udea lutealis Larva

Udea prunalis

Acleris sparsana Larva

Capua vulgana Larva

Lacanobia oleracea

Phragmatobia fuliginosa Larva

Several Tenthredinidae

Several Curculionidae

Clytra laeviuscula
Sapivores:
Several Aphididae

Several Miridae

Empoasca vitis

Macropsis scotti

Picromerus bidens

Aphrophora alni
Possible Sapivores:
Atractotomus mali

Heterotoma planicornis

Palomena prasina

Aphis fabae

Centrotus cornutus

Thrips fuscipennis
Florivores:
Several Geometridae

Elaphria venustula Larva
Possible Florivores:
Meligethes denticulatus Larva
Frugivores:
Apodemus sylvaticus

Vulpes vulpes

Meles meles

Byturus tomentosus

Otiorhynchus singularis

Pararge aegeria

Dolycoris baccarum

Closterotomus fulvomaculatus

Drosophila suzukii Larva
Possible Frugivores:
Closterotomus biclavatus
Granivores:
Pyrrhula pyrrhula
Nests:
Anas platyrhynchos

Troglodytes troglodytes

Many Sylviidae

Lanius collurio

Emberiza citrinella

Several Crabronidae

Several Vespidae

Hoplitis claviventris

Hylaeus
Decomposers:
Roridomyces roridus

Marasmiellus ramealis

Anthostomella appendiculosa

Botrytis cinerea

Herminia tarsicrinalis Larva

Angiosperm Generalists

Ecological Flora of the British Isles
Skye Flora: Bramble


Pictures © 2003, 2004, 2005, 2007 J.K. Lindsey

Caution

Back to Ecology of Commanster