Castanea sativa Miller 1768 (Family Fagaceae)


Tree

Bark

Leaf

Male Flowers

Female Flowers

Fruit

Height: <35 m, Age: <1500 yr
Ectomycorrhizal
Lacks Persistent Seed Bank
Monoecious, Flowering June (Earliest: 3.6)
Origin: Southern Europe

Protective Chemicals
Ellagitannins Acutissimin, Castalagin, Castalin, Vescalagin
Gallotannins Kurigalin
Other Phenolics Ellagic, Ferulic, Gallic, Protocatechuic, Syringic,
& Vanillic Acids, Chestanin, Galloylhamamelose

Biotopes:
Beech Forest
Flower Visitors:
Eristalis pertinax

Eristalis similis

Scathophaga stercoraria

Sarcophaga carnaria
Mycorrhizae:
Many Amanitaceae

Several Cortinariaceae

Many Inocybaceae

Several Tricholomataceae

Hebeloma crustuliniforme

Hebeloma sinapizans

Laccaria amethystina

Laccaria laccata

Clitopilus prunulus

Cantharellus cibarius

Hydnum repandum

Hydnum rufescens

Many Boletaceae

Paxillus involutus

Scleroderma citrinum

Many Russulaceae
Parasites:
Stromatoseptoria castaneicola

Daedalea quercina

Aurantiporus fissilis

Cerrena unicolor

Inonotus cuticularis

Armillaria mellea

Several Gracillariidae

Tischeriidae

Incurvaria masculella Larva (Leaf Miner)

Lyonetia clerkella

Ectoedemia albifasciella

Bucculatrix thoracella

Profenusa pygmaea
Herbivores:
Several Geometridae

Archips xylosteana Larva

Pandemis heparana

Spatalistis bifasciana Larva

Carcina quercana Larva

Pseudoips prasinana

Teleiodes flavimaculella Larva

Agrotera nemoralis Larva

Byctiscus betulae
Sapivores:
Several Cicadellidae

Aphrophora alni

Lachnus roboris

Pulvinaria hydrangeae
Xylophages:
Anthaxia salicis Larva
(Wood Borer)

Agrilus angustulus Larva (Wood Borer)

Dinoptera collaris Larva (Wood Borer)

Pachytodes cerambyciformis Larva (Root Borer)

Pyrochroa coccinea Larva (Wood Borer)
Granivores:
Apodemus sylvaticus

Parus major

Several Tortricidae Larvae
Bark Inhabitants:
Lepraria lobificans
Wood Decomposers:
Homophron spadiceum

Gymnopus erythropus

Armillaria mellea

Tremella globispora

Daedalea quercina

Bulgaria inquinans

Jackrogersella multiformis

Pyrrhidium sanguineum Larva

Angiosperm Generalists
Leaf Decomposers:
Polyscytalum fecundissimum

Fusidium griseum

Trisateles emortualis Larva

Angiosperm Generalists

Ecological Flora of the British Isles


Pictures © 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007 J.K. Lindsey

Caution

Back to Ecology of Commanster