Hypogymnia [Parmelia] physodes (Linnaeus 1753) Nylander 1896 (Family Parmeliaceae)

Protective Chemicals
Depsides Atranorin
Depsidones Hydroxyphysodic, Physodalic,
& Physodic Acids

Hedge Rows

Spruce Forest

Wet Forest
Alnus glutinosa

Betula pubescens

Quercus robur

Pinus sylvestris

Pseudotsuga menziesii

Dead Wood

Lichens of Belgium, Luxembourg and Northern France: Hypogymnia physodes
Irish Lichens: Hypogymnia physodes
Last Dragon: Hypogymnia physodes

Pictures © 2003, 2004 J.K. Lindsey


Back to Ecology of Commanster